Whenever I find a ladybird I feel it’s a luxury for me. Major reason for it is unchecked use of timber resources due to the population pressures.” Salam said, “Rapid urbanization has stripped urban areas of their green cover to clear land for settling the new arrivals.”. “I don’t think any conservation efforts will really save Pakistan’s fast shrinking forests as long as the government does not deal with the timber mafia with an iron fist.”, said Saleem. In most cases, deforestation focuses only on short-term gains and ignore the long-term consequences and problems. They trap energy in the atmosphere causing the temperature to rise. He counted scarcity of fresh water, marine pollution, industrialization and urbanization in coastal areas as factors depriving coastal areas from mangrove trees. As the recent climate is sever threats for the inhabitants. Typically, deforestation is clearing a lot of trees without the intention of establishing future growth. Deforestation is the permanent destruction of forests in order to utilize the land or trees. Pakistani forests will vanish completely within 35 to 40 years if the government doesn’t take serious steps for protecting trees as well as forests. “The fear of government control over their lands was wiped out when we educated farmers to grow trees which would produce fruit that they could sell.”, told Nasir. Moreover, this model is based on the “Great green wall programme” of China in which Chinese government aimed to combat desertification by planting 100 billion trees along the northern part of China’s Gobi desert. I think they carry a lot of symbolic significance, perhaps our elite want to show that we are “arabun kay champchay” (sychophant of arabs). Apart from that, pine trees were planted near Jinnah avenue in Islamabad but they’ve dried up. “All Provincial and Territorial governments shall provide incentives for promoting farm forestry by promoting private investments.” Farm forestry has served as a very important way of afforestation in Pakistan. “At first the ideology was to cut trees for livelihood but now the paradigm shift is occurring. Doctor Ejaz Ahmad, senior director programs at WWF, explained that pesticide dealers have a corporate mentality which encourages farmers to cut trees and grow crops as a way of sustainable livelihood. As a nation, we have to face a lot of problems and damages due to floods. On the other hand, more and more trees should be planted along the road sides. It is necessary for the Pakistani government to recognize the people of Gilgit-Baltistan as a voice that needs to be heard in order … “They are very important for the health of the coastal ecosystem, serve as carbon sinks, protect the coast from erosion, and serve as the first wall of defense against disasters like tidal waves, storm surges and tsunamis.” told Muhammad Tahir Qureshi, Senior Advisor Coastal Ecosystem at Coastal & Marine Program. Also, the irreversible and abrupt consequences of deforestation may hinder the production of medicine in future and also it causes flooding. In 1993, the consumption of wood was 29.5 million cubic meters whereas in the year 2018 it is projected to go up by 52.6 million cubic meters. Forests play a vivacious role in the economic development of any country by attracting tourists, improving GDP as well as foreign exchange earnings. “Timber mafia is a well-known racket, billions of rupees (are) involved (and) the forest department is an important party to it. Many forests rely on groundwater for survival, and depend on wetlands to support their growth. According to Saleem, timber mafia has already devoured vast tracts of forests in Pakistan and constitutes biggest threat to the existing forest resources. According to UN-REDD.org, the main aim of this initiative is to increase the total area of forests in the country which stands at 4.34 million hectares (5 per cent of total land) only. Your email address will not be published. This consequently plays a role in the preservation of wetlands, which act as natural reservoirs and are extremely rich in terms of both biodiversity and the environmental services that they provide. If you’re ready to join the movement to protect Forests, Wildlife, and Our Climate, here’s how you can start: Support efforts to amplify the voices of Indigenous Peoples and traditional forest communities. Solutions. Reduce your consumption of single-use products. “Even though there is enough space for tree growth along the border of the lands, owners were too skeptical to use that area for farm forestry” explained Nasir, “for they suspected government is going to own their land.”. Tweet. Mangroves- In the process of rehabilitation. Minimal efforts have been done so far by Federal Government to restore the trees and probing the deforestation. It was also our classroom during the warmer season, as schools were turned into hospitals. Deforestation 2. Deforestation increases the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere as plants filter the carbon dioxide gases out from the air and release oxygen. Deforestation rate in Pakistan, estimated at 0.2 per cent to 0.5 percent annually, is the highest in the world, which accounts for a 4-6 percent decline in its wood biomass per annum. The government and other environmental protection agencies should play an imperative role by giving an attention on the cutting of forests and make serious efforts to overcome the problem. Public and private investment are key to efforts to revert the deforestation trend and forest degradation before it becomes irreparable. Usually, the poor forest soil which assists to produce a layer of rich material, may be that type of land is productive only for a few years but finally, it will be lost and require fertilization and nutrients. “Lower middle class cannot afford cylinder which costs around Rs 1400. Hence, they imported eucalyptus from Australia to plant them in order to drain up water immediately as eucalyptus massively takes in water for its survival. Deforestation In Pakistan. News reports document massive cutting of trees in Islamabad during the execution of metro bus project and expansion of Islamabad highway. Pakistan is a semi arid country with less than 4% of its area under forest cover.At the global level, WWF is lobbying governments to establish an ecologically … View global warming and deforestation.pdf from MANAGMENT 156 at International Islamic University, Islamabad. The damage inflicted by deforestation on biodiversity is so great that it cannot be gauged in financial terms. Consequences of deforestation are very serious, one of them affect biodiversity ultimately leading to depletion of ozone layer. Domestic energy needs combined with poverty serves as a powerful motivation and factor to cut the forests to satisfy local needs. They basically grow in cold weather but Islamabad weather is not conducive to their growth. However, no official body in Pakistan is working on its implementation. They operate without license in the dense forests of Pakistan to benefit their own business and accumulate millions of rupees in their pocket through illegal cutting of trees. January 19, 2012. Forests reduce the pressure and flow of the water and hence a reduction in losses. They explained that the project is funded by forest carbon partnership facility with the World Bank as trustee to the fund. Pakistan is not self-sufficient in wood based products and spends billions of rupees on import of wood and wood based products. Deforestation is one of the environmental problems that Pakistan and all over the world is confronting, and this is getting worse as the population and economy of the country are expanding. In his view, the unprecedented progress in technology has opened the vistas to have strict check and balance of cutting trees but nothing is done to curb the problem. “These plantations will certainly benefit local communities as mangroves are the important source of livelihood for them”, says Asif Ali Sandeelo, Senior Communication Officer at WWF-Pakistan Karachi. The new ideology spells out that forest is our essential life support system.”, told Tariq. The group has located 19 sites in the country including peat lands which can be developed into forests. A large number of people & industries depend on forests for their livelihoods for fuel wood, food, paper, lumber, latex, eco-tourism as well as medicine. Due to settlements, whole area and its natural environment vanished completely. Minister for Science and Technology, Chaudhry Fawad Hussain on Sunday said a comprehensive plan was being prepared for initiating scholarship, The Chemical Composition And Health Benefits Of Chia Seeds, The First Platform To Find Apartments For Renting In NYC, AEOI Promotes Use Of Tech In A Determined Manner. Editorial. The government needs to crack down on illegal logging, unfortunately, there may be some people in the government secretly involved in the timber smuggling business. Question: Any message you’d like to give? Green business concerns re-use and recycling. Not only urbanization and timber mafia have amplified the deforestation but pressing need at homes of many individuals especially the ones residing on mountainous regions to burn wood for fuel is rapidly denuding forest cover. climatic changes due to deforestation Causes Of deforestation: Human causes: Caring out mining activities Urbanization Sprawling growth of colonies Overgrazing Used in industrialization Effects of deforestation EFFECTS ON HUMANS Deforestation Natural causes: Flood in which water Trees play a vital role in protecting our environment in several ways so we should protect the forest: The best way to stop deforestation is replanting. “Since the opening of Karakorum Highway in mid-eighties, timber mafia non-stop turned the slopes barren. The focus has to be the indigenous plants, like ever green popple tree and neem, that are really good for skin and their seeds are the best pesticide as well fertilizer in the world. Effects Of Head Trauma From Intimate Partner Violence Largely Unrecognized, Samsung Display Showcased Under-Screen Camera Tech For Notebooks, Cell companies mull tariff plans after 3G tech, SCA demands Rs100b in the next budget for agri-sector, Fawad To Initiate Scholarship Program For Schoolchildren, Three International Scholarships Deadline Is Near: HEC, A Vibrant Hub With Over 100 Fully Funded Ph.D. A study conducted by the University of Columbia has found that deforestation is largely driven by urbanization. Another reason for planting eucalyptus was that British planned to plant trees along a new railway line from Karachi to Khyber by engaging German foresters. According to the old record of Sindh Forest Department in Indus Delta, the mangroves covered over 600,000 hectares before the construction of Sukkur barrage in 1932-33 while today only 225,000 hectares of mangroves are left out of which 37% are dense forests and the rest are sparse vegetation. Dr. Sofia Baig professor in Environmental Sciences at National University of Science and Technology (NUST) explained that new report of Intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC) predicts that concentration of carbon dioxide will double in next century. National forest policy of 2016 envisioned farm forestry as a solution to the deforestation. These chemical ridden insecticides etc have the ability to annihilate natural insect predators like lady bird and fireflies. The secretariat is working with United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and Ramsar Convention, an intergovernmental treaty that provides framework for wise use of wetlands and their resources. When compared to deforestation efforts, a plantation … Causes of Deforestation in Afghanistan Smuggling/illegal activities: Truck loads of timber leave Afghanistan every day, and are taken to Pakistan. At that time I decided to step in to preach about Mother Nature and trees. Pakistan institute of forests (PFI), in 2004 recorded deforestation rate in the country at 27000 hectares per year. If that is the opinion of the experts, then Pakistan should fear for its survival. However, United Nations Food and Agriculture organization (FAO)’s state of forest report documents a mammoth increase to 41000 hectares deforestation rate per year in Pakistan. “Each of Pakistan’s five provinces has its own forest law, intended to regulate forest conservation and timber harvesting according to local needs,” told Mohammad Saleem Deputy Director Media & Communications at the Ministry of climate change “But these are routinely ignored - often with the connivance of local politicians, some of whom encourage their constituents to cut down forest, sell the wood, and turn the land into profitable plots for farming or construction.”. Instead of having a natural system of moisture as recycling forests provide, water goes to livestock production and food, removing it from the natural cycle of life. The landscape of Pakistan has always championed the diversity in flora and fauna. July 18, 2017. Managing wetlands could solve more than one problem at the same time. deforestation 1. The report recommends widening the green spaces by planting trees in cities on an emergency basis. Following are some of the main causes of this large scale deforestation in Pakistan. A Future Destroyed For A Bottle Of Honey! It’s mean that cutting huge numbers of plants have a direct impact on the environment which is directly contributing to the global warming. Deforestation is a serious problem for every country these days. Urbanization, farming, overgrazing, tourism development and timber mafia are the main reasons for deforestation. In December 2012, the country received Targeted Support funds to develop a REDD+ Readiness Roadmap, to complement work being done by the Office of the Inspector General of Forests”, said Ben Vickers, Regional Programme Officer (UN-REDD), “However, official work on the plan in the country began in June 2015”. Deforestation: Consequences & Solutions. Pollen allergy is on the prowl due to male paper mulberry plants in Islamabad. In Holland, whenever mating season of frogs approach a particular road is blocked for some time by authorities. This will conserve our ecological zones”, he added. When the tree plantation season started, we had grey bearded foresters to guide us in understanding the flora and fauna of the forest, and for months, we used to spend our time there. Neem is indigenous tree, which is rapidly being uprooted in Pakistan for the nexus of reasons while the world is adopting it as a sword to combat climate change. She told that a recent study by T. Keenan, published in nature-a science journal, says forests are becoming more water efficient as carbon dioxide concentration is rising. Certain soils are not appropriate for agriculture, such as the nutrient-deficient soils of rainforests as well as acidic soils. 0 Comments. “All Provincial and Territorial governments shall provide incentives for promoting farm forestry by promoting private investments.”. Moving forward: solutions to deforestation. The intervention of motorway in the home range has shortened the wild cat’s habitat. Deforestation: The human and economic costs, Environmentalist Helga Catrina Ahmad explains how the invasive alien species of plants are causing environmental harm to. According to news reports, it is shadowy network of politically well-connected individuals and firms that chop the trees, bribe forest department officials and locals to look other way while they transport wood in the darkness of night. Thus, affecting not only the ecology but also the local economy. Principally, a rural community mainly depends on the forests to access water, medicine, fuel as well as for food items. Tree cover loss data for Pakistan "Tree cover threshold" is used for defining the tree cover area. Support the creation of plantation forests. Take a closer look at deforestation here. When I came to Pakistan, I realized none of the people knew about the trees growing around. 1. “I know the beauty of these mountains are trees but life here is not as easy as tourists admire. Development without proper environment assessment has also endangered many species. But Pakistan has only 4% forest which is rapidly being destroyed leading to rise in CO2.” Dr Baig told, “Therefore we can expect frequent heatwaves in Pakistan due to deforestation and less land vegetation.”, A report compiled by National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) factors deforestation and dwindling green spaces in assisting heat waves. 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